What Is A Ganglion Cyst?

Ganglion cysts are small noncancerous lumps that usually form on the hand or wrist. These fluid-filled sacs most commonly develop near the joints or tendons of the hand or wrist. They originate from a tendon sheath or joint capsule. Ganglion cysts can develop on the ankle or foot as well. These are among the most common benign soft-tissue masses and can vary in size. They may get larger or smaller. Also, a ganglion cyst may disappear completely on its own.

However, if your ganglion cyst is causing pain or affecting the quality of your life, you should immediately see an NYC podiatrist. Dr. Sophia Solomon is a leading podiatrist and foot and ankle surgeon in New York City. She offers both surgical and non-surgical treatment options for ganglion cysts. Contact us today!

Causes and Symptoms

The exact cause of a ganglion cyst is unknown. The bump occurs when fluid accumulates near a joint or tendon in your hand, wrist, foot, or ankle. This accumulation can result from injury, trauma, or overuse. These bumps are more likely to form in women (between 20 and 40) and those who repeatedly stress their wrists. The risk factors include age and sex, tendon injury, osteoarthritis, etc. Here are the most common symptoms of ganglion cysts:

  • A visible bump

  • Pain, numbness, and a tingling sensation

  • Muscle weakness

  • A loss of mobility

Diagnosis and Treatment

Your NYC podiatrist Dr. Sophia Solomon will perform a thorough examination of your hand or foot to diagnose a ganglion cyst. She will examine the lump and ask you about your overall health and medical history. She will also ask you about the symptoms you are having. Your foot doctor may also remove a small amount of fluid from your lump for evaluation. She may also take an X-ray or order other imaging studies such as MRI or ultrasound for an accurate diagnosis. Once your ganglion cyst is diagnosed, Dr. Solomon will recommend an appropriate treatment option to treat the problem.

There are a number of options available when it comes to treating a ganglion cyst. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, your podiatrist will choose a method of treatment that is right for you. If you have a small bump that causes no pain, discomfort, or muscle weakness, your foot doctor may decide to just monitor your cyst over a period of time.

The most common non-surgical treatment options for ganglion cysts include monitoring, shoe modifications (for ganglion cysts on the foot or ankle), aspiration and injection, bracing or splinting, etc. Your foot and ankle surgeon in New York City may advise you to avoid repetitive hand and wrist movements. You might require surgical removal of your ganglion cyst if other treatment options fail to alleviate pain.