What Is A Bunion?

A bunion is a bony, often painful bump that develops at the base of the big toe. It happens when some of the bones near the first joint of the big toe move out of place. Wearing narrow shoes can make bunions worse. This foot deformity often worsens over time. It can lead to damaged cartilage. People with bunions often experience cramping in the foot and bursitis. You should see your NYC podiatrist if you have a visible bump on your toe joint or ongoing foot pain.

Dr. Sophia Solomon is a podiatrist and foot and ankle surgeon in New York City. She offers conservative, non-surgical solutions for people dealing with bunions. She also performs minimally invasive bunion surgery which allows for bunion correction with minimal to no scar. Book your appointment today!

Causes of Bunions

Bunions usually develop in adulthood. However, they can be found in children as well. The most common causes of bunions include foot injuries, high heel or narrow shoes, flat foot, abnormal foot development before birth, arthritis, genetically inherited foot types, tight tendons and muscles, etc. These factors can increase your risk of bunions by causing your foot to rest in an awkward position. Your NYC podiatric doctor can diagnose the issue and recommend an appropriate treatment.

  • Tight, narrow, and high-heel shoes

  • Heredity (genetically inherited foot types)

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Foot injuries

Symptoms of Bunions

Bunions are usually self-diagnosable. You will notice a small bump on the first joint of your big toe. Bunions can also develop below your little toe. They are called bunionettes. As your bunion grows, you may experience many signs and symptoms. The most common symptoms of bunions include pain in the area where the bunion rubs against your shoe, redness over the skin, numbness, restricted movement in the affected toe joint, soreness and pain above the bump, burning sensations, etc. You should mention all these symptoms to your NYC foot specialist during your examination.

Bunions can affect your quality of life. It can prevent you from doing certain physical activities and exercises. What’s more, a bunion can grow to the point where even large shoes are painful to wear. So, you should never ignore this problem. Your NYC podiatry specialist Dr. Sophia Solomon will thoroughly examine you and provide a treatment plan to exclude any underlying conditions.

Your NYC podiatrist Dr. Sophia Solomon can diagnose a bunion through a visual examination. She will ask you about your medical condition and genetic history. There are many different treatment options available for correcting bunion deformities. The most common conservative, non-surgical treatment options for bunions include reducing pressure through better-fitting shoes, applying ice, foot exercises, wearing a splint to reform your foot over time, increasing circulation with hot packs, etc.